Since summer flounder are found in both state and federal waters, they are managed by the Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission, the Mid-Atlantic Fishery Management Council, and NOAA Fisheries. Management measures include catch limits, reporting requirements, permit requirements, mesh size limits, scientific monitoring and a moratorium on entry into the commercial fishery. Sea turtle catches are also monitored in the southern part of the fishery. A rebuilding plan introduced in 1993 aimed to help stocks recover from overfishing. While summer flounder abundance has greatly increased since then, a 2015 stock assessment showed that abundance remained below the target level, Seafood Watch reported. Generally, Seafood Watch found the management measures for this vulnerable species to range from moderately to highly effective.