This fishery is generally well managed, according to the Monterey Bay Aquarium. The Environmental Defense Fund says the U.S. fishery has one of the strongest catch share management systems in the world. Policies are in place to respond to stock fluctuations and managers take multiple factors into account to make sure the populations are fished sustainably, according to the National Marine Fisheries Service. Walleye pollock fisheries in the Gulf of Alaska, the Bering Sea, and the Aleutian Islands have been certified against the Marine Stewardship Council’s environmental standards. Russian fisheries in the Bering Sea and the Sea of Okhotsk are currently undergoing assessment against MSC standards.
Walleye pollock are also found in international waters where no country has sole jurisdiction. The Convention on the Conservation and Management of Pollock Resources in the Central Bering Sea is responsible for the conservation, management, and optimum utilization of pollock resources in the high seas area of the Bering Sea. The pollock resource in the Convention Area declined to very low levels by the early 1990s. Member states (China, Japan, Korea, Poland, Russia, and the United States) have maintained a moratorium on commercial pollock fishing in the Convention Area since 1993 in an effort to allow the stock to rebuild. Despite the moratorium, pollock abundance in international areas remains at low levels. The United States continues to promote and support these international conservation measures.