Rock lobster is a type of spiny lobster found in cooler waters off the west coast of Australia. These lobsters are highly fecund and have a complex life history. They are influenced greatly by broad environmental changes that affect their distribution.
Western Australian rock lobster is the second largest spiny lobster fishery after the Caribbean, and it experienced a population decline between the 1950s and 1980s, likely from fishing pressure. However, improved management measures have helped the population return to a medium abundance level. Currently rock lobster in Australia are being fished closed to its maximum sustainable yield.